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[WHC2011]减少食盐摄入有利于控制高血压——Graham MacGregor教授专访

作者:国际循环网   日期:2011/11/23 16:57:21

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《国际循环》:MacGregor教授您好!请问您希望医生能对哪个领域进行更多的研究?

   Graham MacGregor  盐与健康世界行动组织”主席、英国高血压学会主席

    <International Circulation>:  What are the areas you would like to see doctors investigating more?

  《国际循环》:MacGregor教授您好!请问您希望医生能对哪个领域进行更多的研究?
 
    Prof. MacGregor:  There are two things that are more important, one is that we need better treatment of blood pressure, we know blood pressure is a major risk for strokes and heart attacks and we know that lowering it with drugs or life style changes is very important for lowering the number of people suffering from these adverse events, as well as heart failure.  Yet we are very bad at delivering good blood pressure care so it is important to focus on this issue.  The other very important thing is the public health approach in order to stop people from developing hypertension and lowering it in the whole population.  This is where salt plays such an important role.  We know that salt is the major factor that elevates blood pressure and we as a population eat far too much salt.  If we ate a lot less salt then there would be far fewer people with high blood pressure, we would see a big reduction in strokes, heart attacks, and heart failure.   We must now focus on reducing salt intake and at the same time think about how we could treat patients with high blood pressure better.

    MacGregor教授:有两件事情非常重要,一件是我们需要更好的治疗高血压,我们已经知道高血压是中风和心肌梗死主要的危险因素而且我们还知道用药物或生活方式的改变降低血压对减少发生这些严重事件以及心力衰竭的患者数量非常重要。但是我们在推广良好的血压护理方面做的非常不好,因此这是一个很需要关注的问题。其他很重要的事情还有找到公共健康途径来预防人们罹患高血压并在整个人群中降低高血压的发病率。在这里盐起到了非常重要的作用。我们都知道盐是使血压升高的主要原因而且我们每日食用的盐太多。如果我们能吃更少的盐,那么罹患高血压的人群数量将远远比现在少,接着我们就会发现中风、心肌梗死和心力衰竭的发生率会显著降低。目前我们必须关注降低食盐摄取量并且同时思考我们如何才能更好地治疗高血压患者。

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